Singrauli an important town in Singrauli district is famously known for its Coal mining and power plants. While the city is spread over an area of 2,200 km2, the district of Sinagrauli covers an area of 5,672 km2 . Singrauli, also known as India’s Energy Capital is one of the most important districts in Madhya Pradesh.It covers a region comprising of the eastern part of Sidhi district in Madhya Pradesh and the adjoining region in southern part of Sonebhadra district in Uttar Pradesh. Due to its immense natural potential and huge reserves of coal, it is also known as ‘Urjanchal’- the land of energy.
Brief History of Singrauli
Singrauli was a part of the erstwhile princely state of Rewa, which ruled over the place till 1947. It was earlier known as Shringavalli, named after sage Shringi. The area was inhospitable and covered with dense forests inhabited by wild animals and considered so treacherous that the kings of the Rewa state used it as an open air prison for detaining errant civilians. It has traditionally been home to a self-sustaining community dependent largely on the local forest produce for sustenance. During the British era, the sprawling forests of the region were exposed to commercial exploitation to cater to the growing requirement of timber for the construction, locomotive and railway industry. The possibility of mining was first invented by Englishman Captain ‘Rabthan’, with the opening of Singrauli’s first open cast mine in Kotav in 1857. The presence of river Son for transportation of coal made it an ideal site for the mining industry. But the real push towards growth happened in the post 1947 era with Coal India Limited restarting operations led by availability of vast coal reserves and abundant water. Numerous thermal power stations were later set up in the region making Singrauli the Power Hub of India. Read More.......
Geography and Climate of Singrauli
Singrauli is located in the North Eastern part of Madhya Pradesh at a distance of 742kms from state capital of Bhopal. The location coordinates of Singrauli is: 23 49’ North to 24 42’ North longitude and 81 18’ East to 82 48’ East latitude, at a altitude of 609 meter above sea level. The nearest district circle headquarters is at Rewa which is about 200kms away beyond the Kaimour hills. The Son is the major river which traverses the region. The other rivers which are present here are Rihand river, Kanchan, Chalki, Kanjas, Silhor, Bijul, Juri etc. Singrauli experiences a warm tropical monsoonal climate with an annual temperature of 24.70 C and annual rainfall of 1014 mm.
It experiences warm humid summers with a summer high of 420 C and the winters are dry and chilly with temperatures dropping to about 70C. It lies in the forest belt of Central India and has extensive forest cover of about 11841 hectare which is of the dry deciduous variety. The forests are also a source of Saguan, Mahua, Chironji, Tendu etc and source of livelihood for the local populace. Read More.......
Places of Interest in and around Singrauli
Singraulibeing rich in its natural resources has of late become a highly industrialized town but still preserves most of its natural heritage. The striking aspect of this place is that new age development has given rise to some breathtaking features like the artificial lake created by the construction of the Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar dam.
Apart from this, this place is also famous for the rock cut caves, especially the one at Mada which belongs to the 7-8th century. These caves are not only beautiful from architectural aspect, but also important from the scope of iconography and hence declared a protected monument by the state government. Singrauli also gives an insight into the early phase of civilization and human development. The painted rock shelters at Ranimachi, Dhaulagiri, Chitrangi etc are prehistoric cave paintings of Mesolithic micro stone implement culture. The paintings depict early man’s surroundings, animals and his day to day life.
The major places of interest in Singrauli are
Rock cut caves or the Mada caves- Vivah Mada, Ravan Mada, Jal-Jaliya Mada etc
Painted rock shelters- Ranimachi, Dhaulagiri, Chitrangi
The latest census of Government of India, 2011 report pegs the population of Singrauli at 220,295 with an average sex ratio of 878 per 1000 males. The average literacy rate of the region is 77.35%, which is higher than the national average. The population is highly multicultural and this can largely be attributed to the fact that it is an industrialized town with heavy influx of migrant workers.
Transportation in Singrauli
Being an industrial town, it is fairly well connected by rail and road, though the latter lags marginally. This is due to the treacherous mountains and hills which line the region. The frequent movement of man and material for industries is made possible by the well connected network of Railways. There is also a proposed airport at Khajuri-Khutar in Waidhan which is about 26km from Singrauli. This airport currently under construction will aid in better connectivity for the region. Read More.......
Shopping in Singrauli
The city is home to many industrial units, most of which are self-contained like the NTPC complex, with facilities for recreation, shopping, entertainment etc. The Gole market area in Jayant, NTPC colony market in Shaktinagar, Shivaji complex in Vindhyanagar etc are the most popular areas for shopping in the city. The local markets are known for their forest produce and also cater to the needs of the growing population. Read More.......
Economy and Industrialism in Singrauli
Singrauli and its adjoining coal producing areas are considered to be South Asia’s largest industrial units. This bustling city has some of the oldest thermal power stations and operational coal mines run by the state owned NTPC and Northern Coalfields Ltd. The total installed capacity of these thermal stations amounts to 10% of the total installed capacity of India. The important change in the last decade has been the arrival of private sector players to tap the coal reserves.Today there are hundreds of industrial plants, chemical factories, aluminum companies, cement factories etc which dot the landscape of the region. The economy of this city is completely dependent on these industrial units and is the largest contributor to the state exchequer. Read More.......
Singrauli at a glance
Country: India State: Madhya Pradesh District: Singrauli Languages: Hindi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri PIN: 486889 Telephonecode: 07805 Location: 24 20' N and 82 60' E Climate: Warm Temperate Website: www.singrauli.nic.in